Thomas Pynchon's Mason & Dixon (1997)

Mason & Dixon

D

Dabby, Shotton

505

Daffy's Elixir

267; Daffy's 'elixir salutis' was one of many syrups used to keep children quiet. It was invented by the Reverend Thomas Daffy, Vicar of Redmile (d.1680) in Leicestershire, first coming to public notice between 1660 and 1680. A recipe of 1700 for "True Daffy" lists the following common ingredients, many of which were purgatives: aniseed, fennel seed, parsley seed, spanish liquorice, senna, rhubarb, elecampane, jalap, saffron, manna, raisin, cochineal, brandy. A chemical analysis carried out in the 1940s of a bottle of daffy's that had been excavated, confirmed that this was a laxative that would have been made largely from alcohol, with senna as a chief ingredient (Richardmond & Webster, 36). One of the most common forms of alcohol used was gin; hence the slang name daffy's for gin; ALSO: 'What it tasted like one can no longer tell, but it was probably pretty good since it contained brandy, canary wine, oranges, lemons, rhubarb and a certain amount of borax, perhaps to convince customers that it really was a medicine and not just a rather expensive sort of gin' (Earle, 304); 538

Dalmatia

223

Damask

419

Damsel, Anne

205; Charles Mason's mother

Daniel

640; a Mohawk Warrior; 675

Darby, Mr.

7; chain-man on M-D Line crew; 444; impersonates M&D (with Cope), 471

d'Argental, Count & Countess

668

Darkling Beetle

88; A dark beetle without wings, also called nocturnal ground beetle, belonging to the family Tenebrionidae ["Tenebrae!" exclaims the contributor of this entry.]

Darlington, Earl of

278; at Raby Castle

Darlington Fair

235; Darlington is a borough of northeast England south of Newcastle. It's annual fair was the place to see many other wonders, such as tomatoes; 495

Dasp, Captain

414; Perhaps French: "d'asp" = "the asp [a small venomous cobra-like snake]"; "notorious Calvert agent" at Hurricanoe

Davies, Miss

268; "Glass Armonica" player

Dawson

575; friend of Tom Hynes

DEATH

195; 247; "to turn Eastward..." 263; 281; 295; 346; 361; 364; 430; 501; 539; 541; 585; 599; "Death-shade of the Forest" 635; 646; "Instant of Tranquility" 660; 673; Insignia, 703; 713

De Bosch, Mrs.

61; 102

Decadence

275

Deep, Mr.

728; "subcontinental genius" who designs Maskelyne's suit

Defenestration

198; the act of throwing someone (or something) out of a window; 685; Defenestration of Prague

Deists

261; The beginnings of English Deism appear in the seventeenth century, its main principles found in the writings of Lord Herbert of Cherbury (d. 1648). In De Veritate (Paris, 1624), Cherbury advanced a theory of knowledge based upon the recognition of innate universal characteristics on the object perceived, and rigidly opposed to knowledge supernatural in its origin and determinable in only by strife and conflict. In De religions Gentilium errorumque apud eos causes (London, 1645), he set out the common marks by which religious truth is recognized: (1) a belief in the existence of the Deity, (2) the obligation to reverence such a power, (3) the identification of worship with practical morality, (4) the obligation to repent of sin and to abandon it, and, (5) divine recompense in this world and the next. These five essentials (the so-called "Five Articles" of the English Deists) constitute the nucleus of all religions and of Christianity in its primitive, uncorrupted form. The variations between positive religions were explained as due partly to the allegorization of nature, partly to self-deception, the workings of imagination, and priestly guile; 278; 489; 568; 772

de la Tube, Père

515; at the Jesuit College in Quebec; 531

Delisle, Joseph Nicolas (1688-1768)

213; French astronomer, founded a famous school of astronomy in St. Petersburg in 1726; Chair of Astronomy, College de France; Mappemonde for the Transit of Venus

Delphic Vapors

311; fumes that emerged from a crack in the earth at the Oracle at Delphi in Greece and "inspired" the priestess whose uncomprehensible utterances would then be "interpreted" by a priest.

Delusse

352

Dennis the Meager

632; aka Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis = Dionysius; Exiguus = small, little, meager); perhaps a little Dennis the Menace allusion here

De Pugh

96; son of Ives LeSpark

Derek

23; Lunarian

Dermy

723; in Ulster

d'Escaubitte, Pépé

420; Perhaps pronounced: "peppy disco-beat"; French spy?

De Solis et Lunae Defectibus

474; Latin: On Eclipses of the Sun and the Moon

desuperpollicate

581; Latin: "pollex" = "thumb" = "give a thumbs down"

Devil

pentacle, 342; surveying chains called "Devil's Guts" 447; 471; 605

Devoirs

7

Dhow

174; An Arab lateen-rigged (triangular sail on a low mast) low-waisted ship

Dicey, Mr.

733; his "County Atlas"

Dieter

160; German on St. Helena; 172; 551

Dimdown, Philip

365; 388; 566

D.I.O.

127; "Damme, I'm Off!" - a men's catchphrase of the late 18th-early 19th centuries; 413; 709

Dionysius Exiguus

632; This sixth-century Scythian scholar established the adoption of the birth of Christ as the initial epoch of the Christian calendar, while compiling a table of dates of Easter. An existing table covered the nineteen-year period denoted 228-247, where years were counted from the beginning of the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian. Dionysius continued the table for a nineteen-year period, which he designated Anni Domini Nostri Jesu Christi 532-550. [From Calendars and Their History] However... when determining the date of the birth of Christ, Dionysious Exiguus forgot that Caesar Augustus had ruled under the name of Octavian for four years, and thus made a four-year error.

Dirk

400; a long straight-bladed dagger

Dismal Swamp Land Company

279; where Geo Washington wants Gershom to invest his money

Dithyrambists

262; in ancient Greece, a dithyramb was an ecstatic hymn to Dionysus, the god of fertility and wine. Thus, the "Dithyrambists" would have been devotees of Dionysus; these days, dithyramb is, according to Webster, "a sus. short poem in an inspired wild irregular strain" or "a statement or writing in an exalted or enthusiastic vein"

Dittersdorf, Ditters von (1739-99)

104; violin virtuoso and composer of 44 operas, and over 100 symphonies; 750

Dixon, Elizabeth

238; Jeremiah's sister

Dixon, George, Jr.

240; Jeremiah's brother; 477

Dixon, George, Sr.

238; Jeremiah's father, who has a "wild-cat coal operation out upon the Fell"; 650

Dixon, George

116; Jeremiah's Great-Uncle; 416

Dixon, Hannah

241; Jeremiah's sister

Dixon, Jeremiah (1733-79)

7; and Emerson, 21; Quaker, 43; "I owe my existence to a pair of Shoes" 238; father dies, 241; his map of the world, 242; in Williamsburg, 394; "To the pursuit of Happiness" 395; Edge of Pleasure, 415; practicing levitation, 423; 440; commence M-D Line, 444; learning to fly, 504; meets Eliza, 536; at Theater with No Name in New York, 562; Enclosure, 587; "off at an angle to the serial curve of his Life" 599 [Gravity's Rainbow]; "Young Jollification" 648; wants to keep the Line going, 678; accosts slave-driver, 695; willing to go to Cherry Island to view second Transit of Venus, 717; Biography; More Bio; Email received from Dixon's GGG Granddaughter!

Dixon, Mary Hunter (d.1773)

751; Dixon's second wife; 753

Dixon, Ralph

239; George Dixon Sr.'s father

Dodd

243; "the Peedee" (on the River Tyne, the boy on board a keel)

Dodman

221; 234; 248; 681

Dodington, George Bubb

See Bubb Doddington, George

Dog Goblin, The

229; at Cudgel and Throck

Dolland, John (1706-61)

13; Born into a Huguenot family, and originally a silk weaver, he became an optician in 1752 and, with the help of his son Peter, invented an achromatic telescope.

Dolly

299; measuring Eastern movement of Pennsylvania

Dope

Dagga, 65, 655; opium, 129, 140, 141, 267; Laudanum, 267; George Washington & "hemp" 278; 378; 411; 481; giant hemp plant, 654; "Dagga hath many mysteries" 655

Douceur

458

Douglas, Captain

738; of H.M.S. Emerald

Doxies

70; "she beggars, wenches, whores" Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1811)

Draco

189; 587

Draconick Incursion

216; the arrival of a dragon

Dragon

601; "shape" of the land"; 635

DREAMING

70; 108; 109; 112; 155; 179; 205; 320-21; Brittania dreaming of America, 345; 359; 378; 387; 394; 409; 435; 477; 492-93; Captives, 529-30; 531; Mason's, 538; Tenebrae's, 553; 561; 592; 593; 608; 609; 610; 620; 649; 663; 671; 677; "just at the Crepuscule" 690; 696; "Fugitive as a Dream" 703; "were sold to pay" 703; 708; Mason, 718; Mason, 721-23; "ordinary" 725; Mason's of "night-time City" 749; 749; M & D dreaming of each other, 752; "No-body's dream of Life" 755; Mason dreaming of America, 757; 759; 759; 760

Drivelli, Signore

669

Drogo

402; half-breed on Long Island

Druids

210; 219; "bonfire of the Bodleian" 560; 597

Duck

463; a durable, closely woven usu. cotton fabric

Duck, Vaucanson's mechanickal

372-80; an actual historickal figure; "account of the mechanism of an automaton, or image playing on the German-flute: as it was presented in a memoire, to the gentlemen of the Royal academy of sciences at Paris, by Vaucanson, inventor and maker of the said machine. Together with a description of an artificial duck, eating, drinking, macerating the food, and voiding excrements, pluming her wings, picking her feathers, and performing several operations in imitation of a living duck" (Translated out of the French original, by J.T. Desaguliers. London, Printed by T. Parker, and sold by S. Varillon, 1742); 666-69; [Elaboration & Illustration]

Duck-Boards

694; a boardwalk or slatted flooring laid on a wet, muddy, or cold surface -- usually used in plural

Duke of Bedford

53

Duke of Glouchester

290; Ale venue in Philadelphia

Dumbledores

470; "peevish Dumbledores in flight"

Dunkard Creek

673; See Mason's Journal Entry

Durham

216; 233; 238

Dusky Olaf

613; aka Sweden; derived from King Olaf (995-1030 A.D.) who reigned during the lifetime of and was a close friend of Leif Ericsson, the first European to reach North America. Olaf was king of Norway and Sweden from 1016 to 1028. Dusky implies the sunset, contrary to Stig's "all-night sun" (612.6)

Dutch Rifle, The

342; tavern where the Paxton Boys had a drink before slaughtering the Indians, with the pentacle on its sign

 

Mason & Dixon
Mason & Dixon - Thomas Pynchon